Mr., Mrs., Miss, & Ms.
miss /mis/ n.
used in front of the family name of a woman who is not married to speak to her politely, to write to her, or to talk about her
Ex1. Miss Smith
Ms. / mɪz /
used in front of the full or family name of a woman who does not want to be called “Mrs.” or “Miss,” or when you do not know whether she is married or not :
Ex1. Ms. Ramirez called this morning.
Mrs. / ˈmɪsɪz /
used in front of the family name of a married woman in order to speak to her politely, to write to her, or to talk about her :
Ex1. Mrs. Monahan is secretary to the Chairman.
Ex2. Dear Mrs. Wright,…
Mr. / ˈmɪstar /
used in front of the full or family name of a man to speak to him politely, to write to him, or to talk about him :
Ex1. Mr. John Smith
- Mr., Mrs., Miss, and Ms. are used with family names or people’s full names:
Hello, Mr. Gray. | Mrs. Betty Schwarz, 610 Murdock Rd.
- Do not use Mr., Mrs., Miss, or Ms. with a first name alone, or with someone’s job.
For example, do not say Please, Miss teacher or Good morning, Mr. Jerry.
- When you are talking or writing to someone directly, you do not usually use their full name.
For example, say Hello, Mr. Smith not Hello, Mr. Alan Smith.
- If you do not know the name of the person you are writing to, address the letter Dear Sir or Dear Madam, not Dear Mr. or Dear Mrs. Many women, especially younger women, prefer to be addressed as Ms. rather than Miss or Mrs., because Ms. does not draw attention to whether or not the woman is married.